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Managing and paying off debt can be challenging, especially when you have multiple debts with high-interest rates. One loan option that can help simplify and manage your debt is a debt consolidation loan.

What is a debt consolidation loan?

A debt consolidation loan is a type of personal loan that you can use to pay off your existing debts, including credit cards, medical bills, and other loans. Instead of juggling multiple payments and due dates, you can consolidate all your debts into one monthly payment with a lower interest rate.

What are the benefits of debt consolidation loans?

Here are some of the benefits of a debt consolidation loan:

  1. Lower interest rates: Debt consolidation loans often have lower rates than credit cards and other high-interest loans, saving you money on interest charges over time.
  2. Simplified payments: By consolidating your debts, you'll have only one payment each month, making it easier to manage your finances.
  3. Potential for lower monthly payments: Depending on the terms of your debt consolidation loan, you can lower your monthly payments, which can help make your debt more manageable.
  4. Improved credit score: Paying off your existing debts with a debt consolidation loan can improve your credit score, as it demonstrates responsible credit use and on-time payments.

Samantha Odo, Real Estate Expert, and Chief Operating Officer at Precondo, commented,

"The solution to one significant problem is usually more straightforward than several smaller ones. It helps you zero in on what needs to be done to manage your financial obligations better. Consolidating your debt into one manageable loan is an option when you have several open credit lines. Now that you've consolidated your debt into a single loan, you may begin making payments on a manageable EMI that's easy on your budget. Those with poor credit who are serious about improving their financial situation can consider consolidating their bills into one manageable payment. Debt consolidation frees your mind from the stress of keeping track of numerous debts, allowing you to better plan for your financial future. You won't get the total amount of your consolidation loan even if you find a lender willing to grant you a large sum.

How to pick the best debt consolidation loan

Compare these elements when choosing between debt consolidation loans.

  • Annual percentage rates: Because all fees and interest costs are included in the APR, it accurately depicts the loan's actual yearly cost. Your credit rating, income, and debt-to-income ratio all affect the rates. To compare various loans, use APRs. Choose a low rate with affordable monthly payments.
  • Origination fees: Some lenders impose origination fees to offset the expense of processing your loan. This one-time fee is often added to the loan balance or subtracted from your loan proceeds and ranges typically from 1% to 10% of the loan amount. You'll need to request more money than the total of your debts if the fee is deducted from the loan proceeds to pay the fee and still have money left over to pay your creditors.
  • Avoid loans with this fee unless the APR is lower than loans with no origination fee.
  • Services: Some lenders provide consumer-friendly services like direct payment to creditors, meaning that after your loan closes, the lender pays off your previous debts.

Free credit score monitoring and hardship programs that temporarily lower or halt monthly payments if you have a financial setback, such as a job loss, are other benefits to look for.

How to apply for a debt consolidation loan

Applying for a debt consolidation loan is similar to applying for any other type of loan, but you should pay close attention to the interest rates charged by each lender. Consolidating your debts only makes sense if you can find a rate that is lower than the interest rate on your prior loans.

Prequalify with lenders, banks, and credit unions to check your expected rates and eligibility changes without affecting your credit. To find the best loan for your needs, check the qualifying conditions of each lender and sort through the anticipated rates, terms, and fees.

After you've focused your search, consider each loan's advantages and potential disadvantages. Look for benefits that can increase the value of your loan, such as autopay savings or member benefits, and keep an eye out for ones that may decrease it, such as origination costs. The next step is to choose the best loan for your credit status and submit an online application, but depending on the lender, you could also finish the process in person at a physical location.

Ways to qualify for debt consolidation loans

Establishing credit: The key factors determining whether you get a loan are your credit score and repayment capacity. Although individuals with a 690 credit score or higher have more loan alternatives and may be eligible for lower rates, obtaining a debt consolidation loan may still be feasible despite having a low credit score.

Apply for a joint or co-signed loan: If you have bad credit or a low income, you may get a debt consolidation loan by including a co-borrower or co-signer on your application. In contrast to co-signed loans, which only give access to the primary applicant's money, joint loans give both borrowers equal access to the money. Both co-borrowers and co-signers will be responsible for taking care of missed payments.

Search around and get pre-qualified: Before applying for a debt consolidation loan, examine offers from several lenders. Pre-qualifying is one of the simplest ways to evaluate potential loan terms, including the interest rate, without affecting your credit score.

What should you do before taking out a debt consolidation loan?

When considering a debt consolidation loan, shopping for the best interest rates and loan terms is essential. Be sure to read the fine print and understand any fees or charges associated with the loan. In addition, it's essential to plan to pay off the debt consolidation loan. While a debt consolidation loan can simplify and manage your debt, it's not a cure-all solution. You still need to make regular, on-time payments and avoid taking on additional debt.

Before you take on a loan, you should create a household budget. List all of your expenses, including rent/mortgage, utilities, car payments, transportation expenses, food, clothing, personal care, health insurance, and out-of-pocket medical expenses.

You should also include debt payments, vacation, gifts, and savings amounts. Now add in the cost of the new loan, i.e., your monthly payment and how much you will have to repay for the convenience of borrowing the money. Can you afford this new debt? Do you need to cut other expenses? Would saving for the expense be cheaper than borrowing for it? Of course, I don't expect you to keep the entire amount for a home or car, but saving for a more significant down payment could mean a lower interest rate and monthly payment.

What other loan options do you have to manage and pay off debt?

Personal Loans

A personal loan is an excellent way to manage and eliminate debt. Compared to other forms of debt, like credit cards or payday loans, these unsecured loans have relatively modest interest rates. Personal loans are even more appealing as a solution to combine several debts into one simple payment because they sometimes include flexible repayment options.

Sometimes, spreading out payments over time so that the total amount owed is paid off in the same amount of time while managing overall cash flow makes sense in some cases rather than combining all of the current obligations.

Home equity loan or line of credit (HELOC)

You should seek a home equity loan or HELOC if your home has significant equity. Both of these methods allow you to obtain a loan utilizing the equity in your house as security. There are some distinctions between the two, though.

A HELOC is a credit line you can draw on and borrow money from at a variable interest rate, much like a credit card.

In contrast, you receive a fixed interest rate, a fixed repayment time, and a fixed monthly payment with a home equity loan, much like a personal or debt consolidation loan.

You can acquire credit using both alternatives at a reduced overall cost. These are types of secured debt, meaning your home is used as security for them. But, if paying back your debt is difficult for you, you should think twice about this decision because failure to do so could result in home foreclosure.

401(k) loan

If you have a 401(k) retirement account, you have readily available funds that you can utilize for several things, including paying off credit cards. Your 401(k) plan's provider, which is probably the same business that looks after your employer-sponsored retirement assets, will lend to you directly.

There are dangers associated with taking out a 401(k) loan, but it is typically simpler and less expensive than an installment loan. Most importantly, you'll need to repay the loan within three months if you change employment (voluntarily or not), or you risk paying income taxes on the amount borrowed and incurring a high early withdrawal penalty.

Why taking out a personal loan to pay off credit cards is advantageous

Stop relying on ongoing debt: Instead of a credit card, a personal loan is an installment loan with fixed installments and a fixed repayment period. You can eliminate the plastic in your pocket by moving to a personal loan, which might encourage you to control your spending.

Repay your debt at a lower APR: Credit cards have some of the highest interest rates among consumer financing choices. You can be eligible for a personal loan with a lower APR if you have strong credit or a co-signer with good credit. Since more of your monthly payment would be applied to the principal of your outstanding balance rather than the collecting interest, that might result in potentially considerable savings.

Have a single monthly payment: If you've accumulated debt on several credit cards, you may feel your brain is spinning from managing the accounts and their various payment schedules. Nevertheless, if you consolidate this debt with a personal loan, you just have to make one monthly payment to the lender. Sometimes, little is more.

Drawbacks of paying off credit cards with a personal loan

Your loan won't be paid off immediately: If you have credit card debt of $15,000 and repay it with a personal loan, you will still owe $15,000, although to a new lender with, presumably, a lower APR and more accommodating terms. After you consolidate, you'll have to start doing the actual job of paying off your outstanding balance.

Your new loan can have costs attached to it: Personal loans frequently have fees, just like credit cards. A one-time loan origination fee that is levied when your loan is released is the most typical additional fee. When comparing personal loan providers, calculating fees is a good idea. You should also avoid providers who charge prepayment penalties because doing so will increase your expenditures.

You might still feel the need to use your credit card: Consolidating debt only arranges it; it doesn't break the cycle of debt. Hence, even if you use a personal loan to pay off credit cards, you might later apply for another card and keep employing the same spending practices that put you into debt in the first place.

It could be difficult to find a low APR: Your credit history determines the interest rate you are eligible for, just like it does with other financing alternatives (and that of your co-signer or co-borrower, if you have one). If you don't have good credit, you might discover that the APR on a potential personal loan is similar to the rate on a credit card.

You may have to pledge collateral: Personal loans can be secured or unsecured, and you might need to put up security. You could have to settle for a secured loan secured by an asset if you don't have strong credit or a creditworthy co-signer or co-borrower to qualify for an unsecured loan. Of course, that asset might be taken if your repayment of a secured debt is unsuccessful.

What can happen if a personal loan is not repaid?

Your credit may be harmed if you cannot repay a personal loan or any other unsecured debt. You can be assessed a late fee if you skip one or two payments. Yet, there's a significant probability the creditor may send the account to collections if you consistently miss payments.

Accounts that are in collections typically appear on your credit report. When they notice clients whose accounts are in collections, most lenders are reluctant to approve fresh loan requests. Accounts going into collections may signal the start of a downward trend.

Consider filing for bankruptcy if you have more debt than you can handle. We advise consulting a specialist for individualized financial advice.

Loan alternatives to paying off credit card debt

Balance transfer credit cards

Consider a balance transfer credit card with a 0% APR offer if you have a modest enough amount of debt that you could pay off in less than a year or so. These offers have a 12 to a 21-month expiration date and call for good to excellent credit. If you pay off your transferred debt in full within that time frame, they enable you to pay it off for less. (If you don't, interest will be applied to the remaining balance of the initial loan.)

To take advantage of these deals, be prepared to pay an upfront balance transfer fee (usually 3% to 5%). Also, your card's rate will change to the significantly higher variable interest rate once the 0% deal expires.

Enroll in a debt management plan

You can create a debt management plan with the assistance of a competent credit counseling service, which could result in fixed payments for three to five years or, more casually, a monthly budget and a goal to pay off debt.

The counselors employed by these organizations have received training in the nuances of debt repayment as well as the best methods for paying off high-interest debt through prudent money management and budgeting.

In light of this, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) issues a warning that some credit counseling organizations might not be trustworthy or they might impose exorbitant costs. Before you employ a credit counseling organization to get out of debt, read reviews and weigh your options. The FTC also advises seeking guidance from a reputable bank or regional consumer protection organization.

You might decide to only deal with therapists that hold a National Foundation for Credit Counseling certification or who are Financial Counseling Association of America members. These organizations create criteria for financial advisers to ensure that consumer services are of the highest caliber.

Speak with a credit counselor

You could only require temporary assistance to repay your credit card debt. Opening lines of communication with your creditors may be beneficial, for instance, if you're unemployed and in debt. Of course, getting in touch before you miss a payment and then after is best. Describe your problem, and they'll see what we can do. Certain credit card companies will likely provide a hardship program that lowers your monthly payment or APR for a set period.


A debt consolidation loan can be an excellent option for managing and paying off debt. By consolidating your debts into one monthly payment with a lower interest rate, you can simplify your finances and save money over time. However, it's essential to shop around for the best loan terms and make a plan for paying off the loan to ensure long-term financial stability.

With proper help you can
  • Lower your monthly payments
  • Reduce credit card interest rates
  • Waive late fees
  • Reduce collection calls
  • Avoid bankruptcy
  • Have only one monthly payment
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How much debt consolidation can save you